Bulletin of Dental Education

Journal of Dental Education Most Notable Articles of 2017

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The Journal of Dental Education (JDE) is pleased to call attention to the following 10 notable articles published in 2017. The list, selected by JDE Editor Nadeem Karimbux, D.M.D., M.M.Sc., appears in order of publication. The JDE Editor recognizes that many articles deserve recognition based on the quality and scope of the studies published. The 10 notable articles chosen here are based on quality, innovative approach, importance of topic area and strength of study design and execution. They represent the diversity of articles published in the JDE. The selected articles are available for free on the JDE website until Feb. 28, 2018. 

The Relationship Between Mock Boards and Clinical Board Examinations in Dental Hygiene Education. By Victoria M. Martin, Ellen J. Rogo, Kathleen O. Hodges, Neill F. Piland and Sharon E. Osborn Popp. J Dent Educ 2017;81(1):54-64.
U.S. dental hygiene programs rely on clinical mock board exams to prepare their students for licensure exams, but this study was the first to assess the relationship between the elements of mock boards and actual board exam results for multiple programs. Based on a sample of 13 programs in four states, the study identified mock board characteristics that corresponded to students’ board exam success to help educators prepare students for these high-stakes exams. 

Faculty Development for Metro New York City Postdoctoral Dental Program Directors: Delphi Assessment and Program Response. By Marcie S. Rubin, Mari Millery and Burton L. Edelstein. J Dent Educ 2017;81(3):262-270.
This article addresses the important topic of faculty development with an innovative methodological approach that tailored training programs to the expressed needs of targeted participants. Using a Delphi consensus technique to gather data from general, pediatric and public health dentistry residency program directors, the authors identified priority topics and training needs to then develop and implement six Faculty Forums.

Dental Students’ Attitudes Toward Tobacco Cessation in the Dental Setting: A Systematic Review. By Shannon Myers Virtue, Elizabeth M. Waldron, Katie Darabos, Courtney DeAngelis, David A. Moore, Maria Fornatora and Marisol Tellez. J Dent Educ 2017;81(5):500-516.
This well-done systematic review on an important topic makes effective use of findings from 38 articles to show that dental students want to learn how to counsel their patients on tobacco cessation. The results also provide useful guidance to dental schools for developing tobacco cessation education. 

Should Dental Schools Train Dentists to Routinely Provide Limited Preventive Primary Medical Care? Two Viewpoints. By Donald B. Giddon, R. Bruce Donoff, Paul C. Edwards and Lawrence I. Goldblatt. J Dent Educ 2017;81(5):561-570.
This point-counterpoint article offers helpful considerations for educators considering the timely question of whether dental students should be educated to provide preventive primary medical care to their patients. The authors present pro and con arguments, offering valuable insights into the complexity of this issue. 

Humanism in Dental Education: A Comparison of Theory, Intention, and Stakeholder Perceptions at a North American Dental School. By Lucinda Lyon, Lisa E. Itaya, Terry Hoover, Mark T. Booth and Nader Nadershahi. J Dent Educ 2017;81(8):929-936.
A humanistic culture became an expectation for all U.S. dental schools with its addition to the 2013 Commission on Dental Accreditation standards. This mixed-methods study at the University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, a leader in humanistic education since the mid-1970s, found its participants confirmed the school’s commitment to humanistic values but also identified concrete ways to manifest and assess that commitment. 

Color-Blind Racial Beliefs Among Dental Students and Faculty. By Yu Su and Linda S. Behar-Horenstein. J Dent Educ 2017;81(9):1098-1107.
Attitudes that “everyone is the same” and color-blind racial beliefs—the denial, distortion or minimization of racism and racial privilege—further the harmful effects of racial prejudice. This study brought this burgeoning area of educational and psychological research to dental education. Its assessment of racial beliefs at a U.S. dental school found differences between faculty and students and among racial groups that can help educators design programs for overcoming biases and providing culturally competent care.

The Impact of Research on the Future of Dental Education: How Research and Innovation Shape Dental Education and the Dental Profession. By Harold C. Slavkin. J Dent Educ 2017;81(9 Suppl):eS108-eS127.
This article provides a lengthy and thorough explanation of the important role research has played and should continue to play in the establishment and growth of dentistry as a learned profession. Everyone with an interest in the dental profession should read this article.

“You Get Beautiful Teeth Down There”: Racial/Ethnic Minority Older Adults’ Perspectives on Care at Dental School Clinics. By Mary E. Northridge, Andrew B. Schenkel, Shirley Birenz, Ivette Estrada, Sara S. Metcalf and Mark S. Wolff. J Dent Educ 2017;81(11):1273-1282.
This study made impressive use of focus groups to determine the opinions of an important segment of the patient base at dental school clinics: racial/ethnic minority older adults. Findings from a large number of participants (n=194) validated features of care that help satisfy these patients, as well as pointing to improvements needed at the institutional and provider levels.   

Observed Altruism in Dental Students: An Experiment Using the Ultimatum Game. By Parker A.S. Crutchfield, Justin S. Jarvis, Terry L. Olson and Matthew S. Wilson. J Dent Educ 2017;81(11):1301-1308.
This creative use of research methods from outside dental education sheds light on a common question: does dental students’ altruism decrease over their education? The study used a computer game that asked dental students in all four years to choose how much of their limited resources to give to recipients based on factors such as socioeconomic status. In the results, students showed higher levels of altruism than the general population, and their altruism was highest in the fourth year. The latter finding—contrary to previous studies—suggests that the often-found decline in altruism may be due not to student characteristics but to factors in the educational environment. 

An Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice Model for Dentistry and Pharmacy. By Grishondra L. Branch-Mays, Amy L. Pittenger, Kristyn Williamson, Anna Milone, Emily Hein and Todd Thierer. J Dent Educ 2017;81(12):1413-1420.
In this innovative collaboration, pharmacy faculty and students joined dental students in the dental school clinic to evaluate 190 patients’ medication therapy management while they received a comprehensive dental exam. Not only did the patients benefit, but participants in both professions experienced the value of this powerful example of interprofessional care. 

About JDE: The Journal of Dental Education (JDE) is a peer-reviewed monthly journal that publishes a wide variety of educational and scientific research in dental, allied dental and advanced dental education. Published continuously since 1936 and internationally recognized as the premier journal for academic dentistry, the JDE publishes articles on topics such as curriculum reform, education research methods, innovative educational and assessment methodologies, faculty development, community-based dental education, student recruitment and admissions, professional and educational ethics, dental education around the world and systematic reviews of educational interest. The online version of the JDE is freely accessible to all ADEA members by subscribing online at jdentaled.org.

Nadeem Karimbux, D.M.D., M.M.Sc., is Editor of the Journal of Dental Education and Associate Dean for Academic Affairs at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine.

About ADEA: The American Dental Education Association (ADEA) is The Voice of Dental Education. Our mission is to lead institutions and individuals in the dental education community to address contemporary issues influencing education, research and the delivery of oral health care for the overall health and safety of the public. Our members include all 76 U.S. and Canadian dental schools, more than 1,000 allied and advanced dental education programs, 66 corporations and more than 20,000 individuals. Our activities encompass a wide range of research, advocacy, faculty development, meetings and communications, including the esteemed Journal of Dental Education®, as well as the dental school application services ADEA AADSAS®, ADEA PASS®, ADEA DHCAS® and ADEA CAAPID®. For more information, visit adea.org.

Published on January 10, 2018

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