Chapter 1: Introduction


The ADEA Faculty Diversity Toolkit (FDT) highlights information and best practices for dental schools and allied dental programs to consider when developing and executing strategies to recruit and retain historically underrepresented and marginalized faculty.

Also included are approaches that may be adapted or tailored to fit the needs of individual campuses. A discussion of potential challenges and barriers to consider and avoid are also highlighted in the FDT.

Tips on using the online toolkit:
◈ Use the links to navigate to topics of interest and/or download the ADEA Faculty Diversity Toolkit PDF.
◈ Read the “Chapter Key Points” section for key summaries of the chapter.

Chapter 1 Sections

  1. Defining Underrepresented and Historically Underrepresented and Marginalized FacultyPDF
  2. Why Does Faculty Diversity Matter?PDF
  3. Accreditation and Faculty DiversityPDF
  4. Faculty Diversity Toolkit PurposePDF
  5. Faculty Diversity Toolkit DevelopmentPDF

Chapter Key Points

The initial starting point is the development of an aligned mission that advances the benefits of diversity and inclusion as an important means of accomplishing core academic, clinical, research and community engagement goals.


Research shows that a diverse faculty: 

  • Improves student learning outcomes,
  • Are more likely to integrate a variety of pedagogy and multicultural scholarship into the classroom,
  • Have more frequent contact with their students,
  • Show greater interest in expanding their research and scholarship to incorporate issues related to historically underrepresented marginalized groups,
  • Utilize methods that foster higher order thinking skills and
  • Serve as important role models for all students.

Continuing changes to demographics in the United States and Canada will mean increases in students who are immigrants, visible minorities and historically underrepresented racial and ethnic groups. As a result, students will expect to see and engage with faculty who are diverse and look like them.


CODA standards related to a humanistic environment require dental schools and dental therapy programs to focus on cultural competency and faculty diversity.


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