Bulletin of Dental Education

March 2011 Journal of Dental Education Previews

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Creating an EBD Culture
Dr. Hinton et al. report on how they used an NIDCR R25 grant to Baylor College of Dentistry to develop ways to use clinical research as a vehicle to acquaint both students and faculty members with evidence-based dentistry (EBD). This transformative initiative covers coursework and experiences for students across all four years plus a variety of faculty development efforts.

Mentoring of Dental and Dental Hygiene Faculty
This case study by Dr. Bagramian et al. explains how a six-year mentoring program at the University of Michigan changed faculty members' expectations and perceptions of support from their colleagues. The resulting improvement in the mentoring atmosphere, documented in their results, is meant to contribute to faculty retention.

Expanding Dental Education Partnerships Beyond the Four Walls
In this article, Prof. Ballweg et al. describe four recent initiatives by which the University of Washington School of Dentistry established external partnerships to improve access to oral health care, enhance the impact of research on evidence-based practice, and diversify their students' educational experiences. The partners in these programs include other universities and schools, private and public dental practices, and community organizations.

Outcomes of Dental Hygiene Baccalaureate Education in Canada
The purpose of this qualitative study by Ms. Kanji et al. was to explore the personal and practice outcomes of dental hygiene degree-completion education from the perspectives of Canadian dental hygienists with a bachelor's degree. With growing interest in making a bachelor's the entry-level degree for dental hygiene, studies such as this help to document the personal and professional gains of a longer and more diverse educational experience.

Physicians' Knowledge and Opinions Regarding Periodontol Disease and Diabetes
Prof. Owens et al. conducted a survey-based study to determine the periodontal knowledge and practice behaviors of North Carolina internists and endocrinologists who treat patients with diabetes. The study found a high level of knowledge of periodontal disease and agreement that physicians should be taught about its interactions with diabetes, but lower levels of confidence in practice—pointing to a need and opportunity for interprofessional education and collaboration. 

Evolution of Clinical Reasoning in Dental Education
In their article, Drs. Khatami and MacEntee trace how the approach to care in dentistry has evolved over the past decades and the resulting efforts to educate students not only in technical skills but in problem-solving, critical thinking, professionalism, and social and cultural competence. Now, they argue, a conceptual framework for clinical reasoning in dentistry should be developed to direct the future evolution of dental education.

Also included in the issue are the following articles:
"Using Online Program Development to Foster Curricular Change and Innovation" by Prof. Gwozdek et al.;
"A New Predoctoral Endodontic Module: Evaluating Learning and Effectiveness" by Drs. Friedlander and Anderson;
"Toothguide Training Box for Dental Color Choice Training" by Dr. Llena et al.;
"The Nonmedical Use of Prescription Stimulants Among Dental and Dental Hygiene Students" by Ms. McNiel et al.;
"Evaluation of Stress in Final-Year Saudi Dental Students Using Salivary Cortisol as a Biomarker" by Dr. Pani et al.;
"Tobacco Use, Exposure to Secondhand Smoke, and Cessation Counseling Training of Dental Students" by Dr. Warren et al.;
"Smoking Cessation Counseling in Dentistry: Attitudes of Nigerian Dentists and Dental Students" by Drs. Uti and Sofola;
"Predictors of Health-Promoting Behaviors Among Freshman Dental Students at Istanbul University" by Drs. Peker and Bermek; and
"Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice Regarding Infection Control Measures Among Dental Students in Central India" by Dr. Singh et al.

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