CT Best Practices in the Health Professions and Science

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Behar-Horenstein LS, Mitchell GS, Graff R. Faculty perceptions of a professional development seminar. J Dent Educ 2008; 72: 472-483.

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Brock A, Butts JB. On target: A model to teach baccalaureate nursing students to apply critical thinking. Nursing Forum 1998; 33: 5-10.

Burbach ME, Matkin GS, Fritz SM. Teaching critical thinking in an introductory leadership course utilizing active learning strategies: a confirmatory study. College Student J 2004; 38: 382-394.

Brookfield S. Developing critical thinkers: Challenging adults to explore alternative ways of thinking and acting. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 1987.

Brown A. Transforming schools into communities of thinking and learning about serious matters. American Psychologist 1997; 52: 399-413.

Castle, A. Assessment of the critical thinking skills of student radiographers. Radiography 2006; 12: 88-95.

Collins K, Onwuegbuzie A. Relationship between critical thinking and performance in research methodology courses. Mid-South Educational Research Association: Bowling Green, KY; 2000.

Daley BJ, Shaw CR, Balistrieri T, Glasenapp K, Piacentine L. Concept maps: A strategy to teach and evaluate critical thinking. J of Nursing Educ 1999; 38: 42-47.

Davies, WM. An infusion approach to critical thinking: Moore on the critical thinking debate. Higher Education Research & Development 2006; 25: 179-193.

Dexter P, Applegate M, Backer J, Clayton K, Keffer J, Norton B, Ross B. A proposed framework for teaching and evaluating critical thinking in nursing. J of Prof Nursing 1997; 13: 160-167.

Distler JW. Critical thinking and clinical competence: Results of the implementation of student-centered teaching strategies in an advanced practice new curriculum. Nurse Educ in Practice 2007; 7: 53-9.

Edwards SL. Critical thinking and analysis: A model for written assignments. J of Nursing 1998; 7: 159-166.

Ennis RJ. Critical thinking and subject specificity. Educ Researcher 1989; 18: 4-10.

Facione NC. Critical thinking as a reasoned judgment. The Album. Millbrae, CA: Insight Assessment and The California Academic Press; 2002.

Facione NC, Facione PA. Assessment design issues for evaluating critical thinking in nursing. Holistic Nurse Practitioner 1996; 10: 41-53.

Facione NC, Facione PA. Critical Thinking Assessment in Nursing Education Programs: An Aggregate Data Analysis. Millbrae, CA: The California Academic Press; 1997.

Facione NC, Facione PA. The Health Sciences Reasoning Test (HSRT) Test Manual. Millbrae, CA: Insight Assessment; 2006.

Facione PA. Critical thinking: A statement of expert consensus for purposes of educational assessment and instruction. 1990:2.

Facione PA, Blohm SW, Facione NC, Giancarlo CAF. PJRF Professional judgment rating form novice/internship level critical thinking abilities and habits of mind rater's manual. Millbrae, CA: The California Academic Press; 2006.

Facione PA, Facione NC. Critical Thinking and Clinical Reasoning in the Health Sciences: An International Multidisciplinary Teaching Anthology Score Rubric. Millbrae, CA: The California Academic Press; 2008.

Facione PA, Facione NC. Holistic Critical Thinking Score Rubric. Millbrae, CA: The California Academic Press; 1994. Accessed July 7, 2008, at

Facione PA, Facione NC, Giancarlo CA. The California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory Test Manual. Millbrae, CA: The California Academic Press, 1996.

Facione PA, Facione NC, Giancarlo CA. The disposition toward critical thinking: Its character, measurement, and relationship to critical thinking skill. Informal Logic 2000; 20: 61-84.

Flannelly L, Inouye J. Inquiry-based learning and critical thinking in an advanced practice psychiatric nursing practice Archives of Psychiatric Nursing 1998; 12: 169-75.

Halpern D. Assessing the effectiveness of critical thinking instruction. J of Gen Educ 2001; 50: 270-86.

Halpern DF. Teaching critical thinking for transfer across domains. Am Psychologist 1998; 53: 449-455.

Hansten RJ, Washburn M. Facilitating critical thinking. J of Nurses in Staff Development 2000; 16: 23-30.

Hendricson WD, Andrieu SC, Chadwick G, Chmar JE, Cole JR, et al. Educational strategies associated with development of problem-solving, critical thinking, and self-directed learning. J Dent Educ 2006; 70: 925-36.

Heron G. Critical thinking in social care and social work: Searching student assignments for the evidence. Social Work Educ 2006; 25: 209-224.

Kowalski SD, Louis L. Using computer technology to teach critical thinking. Nurse Educator 2000: 25: 210-212.

Kuhn D. A developmental model of critical thinking. Educ Researcher 1999; 28: 16-26.

Kumta SM, Tsang PL, Hung LK, Cheng JCY. Fostering critical thinking skills through a web-based tutorial programme for final year medical students: A randomized controlled study. J of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia 2003; 12: 267-274.

Lee JE, Ryan-Wenger N. The 'think aloud' seminar for teaching clinical reasoning: A case study of a child with pharyngitis. J of Ped Health Care 1997; 11: 101-10.

Lipman M. Critical thinking: What can it be? Educ Leadership 1988: 38-43.

Lipman M. Promoting better classroom teaching. Educ Psych 1993; 13: 291-304.

Lord TR. Comparisons between traditional and constructivist teaching in college biology. Innovative Higher Education 1997; 21: 197-216.

Moore TS. Implementation of problem-based learning in a baccalaureate dental hygiene program. J Dent Educ 2007; 71: 1058-69.

Myrick F. Preceptorship and critical thinking in nursing education. J of Nursing Educ 2002; 41: 154-164.

Nay MA. A process approach to teaching science. Science Educ 1971; 55: 197-207.

Onwuegbuzie AJ. Critical thinking: A comparison of doctoral and master' s level students. College Student Journal 2001; 35: 377-381.

Pape SJ, Smith C. Becoming a self-regulated learner. Theory into Practice 2002; 41: 93-101.

Paul RW. Critical thinking: What every person needs to survive in a rapidly changing world. Santa Rosa, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking; 1992.

Paul RW, Elder L. Critical thinking: Implications of Instruction of the Stage Theory. J of Dev Educ 1997; 20: 340-350.

Phillips V, Bond C. Undergraduates' experience of critical thinking. Higher Education Research & Development 2004; 23: 277-294.

Pitkala K. Mantyranta TE, Strandberg M, Makela M, Vanhanen H, Varonen H. Evidence based medicine: How to teach critical scientific thinking to medical undergraduates. Med Teacher 2000; 22: 22-26.

Prentice ED, Metcalf WK, Sharp JG, Hard WL. Training teachers in the anatomical sciences. J of Med Educ 1976; 51: 1006-09.

Rauen CA. Using simulation to teach critical thinking skills: You can't just throw the book at them. Critical Care Educ 2001; 13: 93-101.

Shermer M. Why people believe weird things: Pseudoscience, superstition, and other confusions of our time. New York: WH Freeman and Company; 2002.

Simpson E, Courtney M. Critical thinking in nursing education: Literature review. Intern J of Nursing Practice 2002; 8: 89-98.

Solon T. Generic critical thinking infusion and course content learning in introductory psychology. J of Instructional Psych 2007; 34: 95-109.

Solon T. Improving critical thinking in an introductory psychology course. Michigan Community College Journal: Research and Practice 2007; 7: 73-80.

Solon T. Teaching critical thinking: The more, the better! The Community College Enterprise 2003; 9: 25-38.

Sternberg RJ. Thinking styles: Keys to understanding performance. Phi Delta Kappan 1990: 366-371.

Sternberg RJ, Torff B, Grigorenko E. Teaching triachically improves student achievement. J of Educ Psych 1998: 90: 374-384.

Tanner CA. Research on clinical judgment. In: Holzemer WL, ed. Review of Research in Nursing Education. Thorofare, NJ: Slack, 1983.

Ten Dam G, Volman M. Critical thinking as a citizenship competence: teaching strategies. Learning and Instruction 2004; 14: 359-379.

Thammasitboon K, Sukotjo C, Howell H, Karimbux N. Problem-based learning at the Harvard school of dental medicine: Self-assessment of performance in postdoctoral training. J Dent Educ 2007; 71: 1080-1089.

Tiwari A, Lai P, So M, Yuen K. A comparison of the effects of problem-based learning and lecturing on the development of students' critical thinking. Med Educ 2006; 40: 547-54.

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Van Gelder T. Teaching critical thinking: Some lessons from cognitive science. College Teaching; 53(1): 41-46.

Weerts S. Use of films to treat critical thinking. J of Nutrition Educ and Beh 2005; 37: 100-101.

Weis PA, Guyton-Simmons, J. A computer simulation for teaching critical thinking skills Nurse Educator 1998; 23: 30-33.

Wissmann JL. Strategies for teaching critical thinking in pharmacology. Nurse Educator 1996; 21: 42-46.

Wong TK, Chung JWY. Diagnostic reasoning processes using patient simulation in different learning environments. J of Clinical Nursing 2002; 11: 65-72.

Zull JE. Key aspects of how the brain learns. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education 2006; 100: 3-9.

Zull JE. The art of changing the brain. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, LLC; 2002.