ADEA CCI Liaison Ledger

Summer 2017: Lifelong Learning

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Since 2011, the Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA) standards have obligated dental schools to graduate students who demonstrate “professional values and capacities associated with self-directed, lifelong learning.” 

While all of our schools strive to achieve this goal, cultivating students who will make a habit of self-directed learning, question the status quo and stay abreast of the latest evidence, is still a work in progress. And it’s not just a matter of encouraging our graduates to stay active as learners. Practicing dentists and even some faculty can find it challenging to remain current and fully engaged in questioning what they may have learned decades earlier. Fortunately, we have colleagues who have devoted themselves to the pursuit of encouraging lifelong learning and are willing to share what they have learned.

In this issue’s Guest Perspective, Prof. William D. (Bill) Hendricson summarizes the challenges of educating students to be skeptical and reflective thinkers, and he shares four ideas for enhancing students’ readiness to remain active learners after graduation. In our Campus Spotlight, we visit the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine (Pitt SDM), where a variety of initiatives encourage predoctoral students to make a habit of self-directed learning. Finally, our Educator Spotlight introduces us to Dr. Maureen McAndrew, who has developed a number of programs and other tools to help clinical dental faculty regularly refresh their knowledge and skills.

What’s going on at your institution? Please use the comment boxes at the end of each article to pose questions or share your experience.

Anthony Palatta, D.D.S., Ed.D., ADEA Chief Learning Officer

Upcoming Events
2017 ADEA Commission on Change and Innovation in Dental Education (ADEA CCI) Liaisons Summer Meeting, June 6–8, 2017, Baltimore, MD

Profiled Campuses
University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine
New York University College of Dentistry

Lifelong Learning Resources
Argyris C. Single-loop and double-loop models in research on decision making. Adm Sci Q 1976;21(3):363-75

Biggs J, Kember D, Leung, DYP. The revised two factor study process questionnaire: R-SPQ-2F. Brit J Educ Psychol 2001;71:133-49. 

Bordage G. Elaborated knowledge: a key to diagnostic thinking. Acad Med 1994;69(11):883-5. 

Bransford JD, Brown AL, Cocking RR. (Eds.) How people learn: brain, mind, experience and school. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2000. 

Crick RD, Broadfoot P, Claxton G. Developing an effective lifelong learning inventory: the ELLI project. Assess in Educ 2004;11(3):247-72.  

Driessen E, Tartwijk JV, Dornan T. The self-critical doctor: helping students become more reflective. BMJ 2008;336:827-30.

Emilia O, Bloomfield L, Rotem A. Measuring students’ approaches to learning in different clinical rotations. BMC Med Educ. 2012;12:114-19.

Felder RM, Brent R. The intellectual development of science and engineering students. Part 1: models and challenges. J Eng Educ. 2004;93(4):269-77. 

Greenwood, J. Reflective practice: a critique of the work of Argyris and Schön. J Adv Nurs. 1993;18(8):1183-7.

Hendricson WD, Andrieu SC, Chadwick GD, et al. Educational strategies associated with development of problem-solving, critical thinking and self-directed learning. J Dent Educ 2006;70(9):925-36.

Mathan SA, Koedinger KR. Fostering the intelligent novice: learning from errors with metacognitive tutoring. Educ Psychol 2005;40(4):257-65. 

Nyberg L, Persson J, Habib R, Tulving E, et al. Large scale neurocognitive networks underlying episodic memory. J Cogn Neurosci 2000;12(1):163-73. 

Perry, W. Forms of Intellectual and Ethical Development in the College Years. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970.

Premkumar K, Pahwa P, Banerjee A, et al. Changes in self-directed learning readiness in dental students: a mixed-methods study. J Dent Educ 2014;78(6):934-43. 

Rolls ET. Memory systems in the brain. Annu Rev Psychol 2000;51:599-630. 

Schön D. The Reflective practitioner: how professionals think in action. New York: Basic Books, 1983.

Zeegers, P. Approaches to learning in science: longitudinal study. Br J Educ Psychol 2001;71(Pt 1):115-32.

Open Courseware Resources

Presentations From ADEA CCI Summer Liaisons Meetings, 2010–2016

ADEA CCI White Papers in the Journal of Dental Education 

Educational Sessions From the 2017 ADEA Annual Session & Exhibition

Educational Sessions From the 2016 ADEA Annual Session & Exhibition 

Educational Sessions From ADEA Annual Sessions, 2010–2015 

See more at: ADEA CCI Liaison Ledger

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