The Journal of Dental Education (JDE) is pleased to call attention to the
following 10 notable articles published in 2018. The list, selected by JDE Editor Nadeem Karimbux, D.M.D.,
M.M.Sc., appears in order of publication. The JDE Editor recognizes that many articles deserve recognition based
on the quality and scope of the studies they report. These 10 articles are
particularly notable for their effective presentation, clearly explained
significance of results, innovative approaches, importance of subject matter,
and findings with broad implications and potential impact, as well as strength
of study design and execution. They represent the diversity of articles
published in the JDE. The selected
articles are available for free on the JDE
website until Feb. 28, 2019.
Provided by Students in Community-based Dental Education: Helping Meet Oral
Health Needs in Underserved Communities. By Keith A. Mays and Meghan Maguire. J
Dent Educ 2018;82(1):20-8.
studies have assessed effects of CBDE on dental students, but this one is
outstanding for documenting benefits to community patients served by the
University of Minnesota’s extramural clinics. Using data retrieved from the
school’s database for three academic years, this retrospective analysis showed
that 43,128 patients were treated by 418 student providers. One-fourth of the
patients were children, and 7% had special needs. This study demonstrates the
value of the school’s mandatory CBDE program in providing safety-net care and supports
planning for the future. A model for other schools.
Oral Health Students in Learning Basic Science Through Assessment That Weaves
in Personal Experience. By Delyse Leadbeatter and Jinlong Gao. J Dent Educ
study evaluated an innovative learning and assessment methodology to help
students engage with basic science courses and understand their practical
relevance. Using portfolios that require active and integrated learning,
students in an oral health program in Australia researched questions based on
scientific topics relevant to their particular interests and clinical
experiences. The results, showing increased student motivation for learning
that also extended into other courses, contain lessons for basic science
courses in any dental program.
Interprofessional Education at One U.S. Dental School: Establishing a Baseline
and Moving Forward. By
Janice Townsend, Joseph A. Zorek, Sandra C. Andrieu, Raquel Baroni de Carvalho,
Donald E. Mercante, Julie H. Schiavo, Tina P. Gunaldo. J Dent Educ
U.S. dental schools continue to seek the most effective ways to introduce IPE
to their students, this article describes how a comprehensive IPE program was
developed and implemented across the LSU Health Science Center educational
programs, led by individuals from the dental school. The article also reports
data from dental student surveys demonstrating how the program was already
having an effect and establishing a baseline for future evaluations. The
lessons LSU learned in this effort should be instructive for other schools.
of Portfolios as a Programmatic Global Assessment Measure in Dental Education. By Cynthia C. Gadbury-Amyot and Pamela R.
Overman. J Dent Educ 2018;82(6):557-64.
to be THE article on using portfolios for global assessment, now and for the
foreseeable future. This article by national leaders in the use of portfolios
in dental education looks back on five years of their experience with this
innovative means of assessment at the University of Missouri-Kansas City School
of Dentistry, describing their planning and implementation and reporting
lessons learned along the way. As portfolio use expands across dental schools,
this article provides key guidance based on educational expertise and
Study Optimizing Human Resources in Rwanda’s First Dental School: Three
Innovative Management Tools. By Donna M. Hackley, Chrispinus H. Mumena, Agnes Gatarayiha, Corrado
Cancedda, Jane R. Barrow. J Dent Educ 2018;82(6):602-7.
fascinating article illuminates one of the ways global cooperation is expanding
dental education and oral health care around the world. It describes how the
Harvard School of Dental Medicine, University of Maryland School of Dentistry,
and University of Rwanda are collaborating to establish Rwanda’s first dental
school. By explaining both the conceptual framework and practical tools being
used, the authors provide an informative and inspirational story of how the
necessary institutional and educational infrastructure was created to expand
oral health care for this severely underserved population.
Outcomes of Dental Hygiene Baccalaureate Education: A Study of Graduates’
Professional Opportunities, Further Education and Job Satisfaction. By Zul Kanji and Denise M. Laronde. J
Dent Educ 2018;82(8):809-18.
major current issue in dental hygiene being whether the entry level to practice
should be raised to a baccalaureate degree, this study sought to document the
value of that degree with the perceptions of dental hygienists who graduated
from the University of British Columbia over a 22-year period. These graduates
reported that having the B.D.Sc. degree expanded their career opportunities and
helped them pursue graduate education, receive higher salaries and benefits,
and gain career satisfaction.
International Survey of Female Dental Students’ Perceptions About Gender Bias
and Sexual Misconduct at Four Dental Schools. By Chris S. Ivanoff, Diana M. Luan, Timothy
L. Hottel, Bogomil Andonov, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Reena R. Kumar, Mark
Scarbecz. J Dent Educ 2018;82(10):1022-35.
#MeToo era’s heightened awareness of gender bias and sexual misconduct landed
in dental education with this article. Data collected from female students in
dental schools in the United States, Brazil, Bulgaria, and India found the
existence of gender bias, sexual harassment, and even sexual assault in all
four schools and that students often did not feel comfortable reporting their
experiences. The findings of this innovative cross-cultural comparison point to
the need for all dental schools to develop policies and procedures to improve
the equity and safety of their environments. An eye-opening study.
Framework Explaining “Preparedness for Practice” of Dental Graduates: A
Systematic Review. By
Malu Mohan and T.K. Sundari Ravindran. J Dent Educ 2018;82(11):1194-202.
educators around the world are re-examining what it means for a dental graduate
to be “prepared to practice,” this systematic review used evidence from 16
studies on the subject to identify factors that contribute to definitions of
preparedness. This evidence from the literature should be useful to support the
evolution of national/regional standards, but also points to the need for
better designed primary research on this topic.
Needs to Ensure a Humanistic Academic Dental Environment: A Multi-site Survey
of Dental Students’ Perspectives. By Karin K. Quick, Pamela R. Overman, Venita J. Sposetti. J Dent
about how to create a humanistic academic environment is timely and
significant, especially with the recently added CODA standard on the subject.
This well-done study is particularly useful in collecting the perspectives of
dental students in all four years at five U.S. dental schools. The article’s
presentation of perspectives from such a wide range of students helps educators
identify national factors that should be addressed to improve the learning
environment and contributes to discussion of this important topic.
of the Dental Electronic Health Record for Research: Assessing Demographic and
Oral Health Characteristics Data for Clinic Patients. By Sharon M. Gordon, Gerard A. Camargo,
Gloria C. Mejia, James N. Sutherland. J Dent Educ 2018;82(12):1249-57.
study demonstrates the rich potential for population-based research in the EHR
at dental school clinics. Making use of East Carolina University’s integrated
EHR database across its school clinic and eight state-wide community clinics,
the authors analyzed the demographic and oral health characteristics of 28,000
patients over four years. These data, which focused on patients’ caries
experience and DMFT index, provided a baseline for evaluating changes over time
and documented the need for caries treatments in the regions served by the
About JDE: The Journal of
Dental Education (JDE)
is a peer-reviewed monthly journal that publishes a wide variety of educational
and scientific research in dental, allied dental and advanced dental education.
Published continuously since 1936 and internationally recognized as the premier
journal for academic dentistry, the
publishes articles on topics such as curriculum reform, education research
methods, innovative educational and assessment methodologies, faculty
development, community-based dental education, student recruitment and
admissions, professional and educational ethics, dental education around the
world and systematic reviews of educational interest. The online version of the
accessible to all ADEA members by subscribing online at jdentaled.org.
Nadeem Karimbux, D.M.D.,
M.M.Sc., is Editor of the Journal of Dental Education and Associate Dean for
Academic Affairs at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine.
on January 9, 2019