Bulletin of Dental Education

Journal of Dental Education Most Notable Articles of 2018

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The Journal of Dental Education (JDE) is pleased to call attention to the following 10 notable articles published in 2018. The list, selected by JDE Editor Nadeem Karimbux, D.M.D., M.M.Sc., appears in order of publication. The JDE Editor recognizes that many articles deserve recognition based on the quality and scope of the studies they report. These 10 articles are particularly notable for their effective presentation, clearly explained significance of results, innovative approaches, importance of subject matter, and findings with broad implications and potential impact, as well as strength of study design and execution. They represent the diversity of articles published in the JDE. The selected articles are available for free on the JDE website until Feb. 28, 2019.

Care Provided by Students in Community-based Dental Education: Helping Meet Oral Health Needs in Underserved Communities. By Keith A. Mays and Meghan Maguire. J Dent Educ 2018;82(1):20-8.

Previous studies have assessed effects of CBDE on dental students, but this one is outstanding for documenting benefits to community patients served by the University of Minnesota’s extramural clinics. Using data retrieved from the school’s database for three academic years, this retrospective analysis showed that 43,128 patients were treated by 418 student providers. One-fourth of the patients were children, and 7% had special needs. This study demonstrates the value of the school’s mandatory CBDE program in providing safety-net care and supports planning for the future. A model for other schools. 

Engaging Oral Health Students in Learning Basic Science Through Assessment That Weaves in Personal Experience. By Delyse Leadbeatter and Jinlong Gao. J Dent Educ 2018;82(4):388-98.
This study evaluated an innovative learning and assessment methodology to help students engage with basic science courses and understand their practical relevance. Using portfolios that require active and integrated learning, students in an oral health program in Australia researched questions based on scientific topics relevant to their particular interests and clinical experiences. The results, showing increased student motivation for learning that also extended into other courses, contain lessons for basic science courses in any dental program.  

Developing Interprofessional Education at One U.S. Dental School: Establishing a Baseline and Moving Forward. By Janice Townsend, Joseph A. Zorek, Sandra C. Andrieu, Raquel Baroni de Carvalho, Donald E. Mercante, Julie H. Schiavo, Tina P. Gunaldo. J Dent Educ 2018;82(5):446-53.
As U.S. dental schools continue to seek the most effective ways to introduce IPE to their students, this article describes how a comprehensive IPE program was developed and implemented across the LSU Health Science Center educational programs, led by individuals from the dental school. The article also reports data from dental student surveys demonstrating how the program was already having an effect and establishing a baseline for future evaluations. The lessons LSU learned in this effort should be instructive for other schools. 

Implementation of Portfolios as a Programmatic Global Assessment Measure in Dental Education. By Cynthia C. Gadbury-Amyot and Pamela R. Overman. J Dent Educ 2018;82(6):557-64.
Likely to be THE article on using portfolios for global assessment, now and for the foreseeable future. This article by national leaders in the use of portfolios in dental education looks back on five years of their experience with this innovative means of assessment at the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry, describing their planning and implementation and reporting lessons learned along the way. As portfolio use expands across dental schools, this article provides key guidance based on educational expertise and assessment experience.  

A Case Study Optimizing Human Resources in Rwanda’s First Dental School: Three Innovative Management Tools. By Donna M. Hackley, Chrispinus H. Mumena, Agnes Gatarayiha, Corrado Cancedda, Jane R. Barrow. J Dent Educ 2018;82(6):602-7.
This fascinating article illuminates one of the ways global cooperation is expanding dental education and oral health care around the world. It describes how the Harvard School of Dental Medicine, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, and University of Rwanda are collaborating to establish Rwanda’s first dental school. By explaining both the conceptual framework and practical tools being used, the authors provide an informative and inspirational story of how the necessary institutional and educational infrastructure was created to expand oral health care for this severely underserved population.  

Career Outcomes of Dental Hygiene Baccalaureate Education: A Study of Graduates’ Professional Opportunities, Further Education and Job Satisfaction. By Zul Kanji and Denise M. Laronde. J Dent Educ 2018;82(8):809-18.
With a major current issue in dental hygiene being whether the entry level to practice should be raised to a baccalaureate degree, this study sought to document the value of that degree with the perceptions of dental hygienists who graduated from the University of British Columbia over a 22-year period. These graduates reported that having the B.D.Sc. degree expanded their career opportunities and helped them pursue graduate education, receive higher salaries and benefits, and gain career satisfaction.  

An International Survey of Female Dental Students’ Perceptions About Gender Bias and Sexual Misconduct at Four Dental Schools. By Chris S. Ivanoff, Diana M. Luan, Timothy L. Hottel, Bogomil Andonov, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Reena R. Kumar, Mark Scarbecz. J Dent Educ 2018;82(10):1022-35. 
The #MeToo era’s heightened awareness of gender bias and sexual misconduct landed in dental education with this article. Data collected from female students in dental schools in the United States, Brazil, Bulgaria, and India found the existence of gender bias, sexual harassment, and even sexual assault in all four schools and that students often did not feel comfortable reporting their experiences. The findings of this innovative cross-cultural comparison point to the need for all dental schools to develop policies and procedures to improve the equity and safety of their environments. An eye-opening study. 

Conceptual Framework Explaining “Preparedness for Practice” of Dental Graduates: A Systematic Review. By Malu Mohan and T.K. Sundari Ravindran. J Dent Educ 2018;82(11):1194-202.
As educators around the world are re-examining what it means for a dental graduate to be “prepared to practice,” this systematic review used evidence from 16 studies on the subject to identify factors that contribute to definitions of preparedness. This evidence from the literature should be useful to support the evolution of national/regional standards, but also points to the need for better designed primary research on this topic. 

Identifying Needs to Ensure a Humanistic Academic Dental Environment: A Multi-site Survey of Dental Students’ Perspectives. By Karin K. Quick, Pamela R. Overman, Venita J. Sposetti. J Dent Educ 2018;82(11):1162-70.
Thinking about how to create a humanistic academic environment is timely and significant, especially with the recently added CODA standard on the subject. This well-done study is particularly useful in collecting the perspectives of dental students in all four years at five U.S. dental schools. The article’s presentation of perspectives from such a wide range of students helps educators identify national factors that should be addressed to improve the learning environment and contributes to discussion of this important topic. 

Use of the Dental Electronic Health Record for Research: Assessing Demographic and Oral Health Characteristics Data for Clinic Patients. By Sharon M. Gordon, Gerard A. Camargo, Gloria C. Mejia, James N. Sutherland. J Dent Educ 2018;82(12):1249-57.
This study demonstrates the rich potential for population-based research in the EHR at dental school clinics. Making use of East Carolina University’s integrated EHR database across its school clinic and eight state-wide community clinics, the authors analyzed the demographic and oral health characteristics of 28,000 patients over four years. These data, which focused on patients’ caries experience and DMFT index, provided a baseline for evaluating changes over time and documented the need for caries treatments in the regions served by the school  

About JDEThe Journal of Dental Education (JDE) is a peer-reviewed monthly journal that publishes a wide variety of educational and scientific research in dental, allied dental and advanced dental education. Published continuously since 1936 and internationally recognized as the premier journal for academic dentistry, the publishes articles on topics such as curriculum reform, education research methods, innovative educational and assessment methodologies, faculty development, community-based dental education, student recruitment and admissions, professional and educational ethics, dental education around the world and systematic reviews of educational interest. The online version of the is freely accessible to all ADEA members by subscribing online at jdentaled.org.

Nadeem Karimbux, D.M.D., M.M.Sc., is Editor of the Journal of Dental Education and Associate Dean for Academic Affairs at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine.

Published on January 9, 2019

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