ADEA Dental School Faculty Salary 2008-09

ADEA Dental School Faculty Salary
Executive Summary
Guaranteed Annual Salary: 2008-09
Total Compensation: 2008-09

Table of Contents

  • List of Tables
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Confidentiality of Data
  • Description of Executive Summary and Tables
  • Selected Findings
  • Appendix

List of Tables

Table 1:

Full-Time Versus Part-Time Status by Administrative Title or Academic Rank, 2008-09

Table 2:

Guaranteed Annual Salary of Full-Time Faculty by Primary Appointment and School Type, 2008-09

Table 3:

Guaranteed Annual Salary Per Half Day of Full-Time Faculty by Primary Appointment and School Type, 2008-09

Table 4:

Guaranteed Annual Salary of Full-Time Faculty by Primary Appointment and Region, 2008-09

Table 5:

Guaranteed Annual Salary Per Half-Day for Full-Time Faculty by Primary Appointment and Region, 2008-09

Table 6:

Guaranteed Annual Salary of Full-Time Faculty by Primary Discipline and School Type, 2008-09

Table 7:

Guaranteed Annual Salary of Part-Time Faculty by Primary Appointment and School Type, 2008-09

Table 8:

Guaranteed Annual Salary of Part-Time Faculty by Primary Appointment and Region, 2008-09

Table 9:

Total Compensation of Full-Time Faculty by Primary Appointment and School Type, 2008-09

Table 10:

Total Compensation of Full-Time Faculty by Primary Appointment and Region, 2008-09

Table 11:

Total Compensation of Full-Time Faculty by Primary Discipline and School Type, 2008-09

Table 12:

Guaranteed Annual Salary of Full-Time Faculty by Primary Appointment and Gender, 2008-09

Appendix:

Dental Schools by Type and Region


Introduction

The Executive Summary and Tables of the American Dental Education Association's annual Dental School Faculty Salary Survey provide information on the 2008-09"guaranteed annual salary" and "total compensation" of full-time and part-time U.S. dental school faculty.

Guaranteed annual salary provides a basic comparison of faculty salaries among dental schools because it does not include factors that vary greatly between schools, such as fringe benefits (including health and retirement benefits) or the percentage of guaranteed salary that will be added as a fringe benefit.

Guaranteed annual salary also does not include diverse income from faculty practices, incentives, or bonuses. Guaranteed annual salary and these other diverse sources of income are included in total compensation, which is the sum of guaranteed annual salary,fringe benefits, income from faculty practice, incentives, and bonuses.

Total compensation provides a more appropriate comparison of net faculty compensation with net income of private practice dentists. Comparing total compensation and guaranteed annual salary data indicates that total compensation routinely exceeds guaranteed annual salary.

For the Executive Summary and Tables, information about guaranteed annual salary and total compensation is categorized by administrative title, primary appointment, and academic rank of faculty members.

The categories are grouped and presented by school type, i.e.,public or private and private state-related (see Appendix). (Because of the small number of private state-related schools, data from these schools are combined with data from private schools to maintain institutional and individual confidentiality).

Salary information is also displayed by region of the United States.

Methodology

The Executive Summary and Tables of the American Dental Education Association's annual Faculty Salary Survey provide information and analysis on the wages earned by U.S. dental school faculty during 2008-09.

Of the 59 dental schools eligible to participate in the survey, 58 submitted responses (98% participation rate), and 44 submitted faculty salary data within those responses (92% complete data submission rate).

The Appendix of this summary identifies the 58 schools that responded to the survey. Prior to analysis, collected survey data was rigorously cleaned to reduce and eliminate inconsistencies, discrepancies, and errors.

Throughout the Executive Summary and Tables, salary data are presented in two formats:

  • Guaranteed Annual Salary: A faculty member's Guaranteed Annual Salary is his or her (gross) base salary, not including any benefits (e.g., health and retirement benefits), bonuses, or other sources of income from the dental school. Because such fringe benefits and alternate forms of compensation often vary significantly across dental schools, the Guaranteed Annual Salary measure enables the reader to conduct a basic comparison of faculty salaries.
  • Total Compensation: A faculty member's Total Compensation includes his or her Guaranteed Annual Salary, benefits, income from faculty practice, incentives, bonuses, and other forms of remuneration from the dental school.

Salary data are subsequently sorted and presented according to the following categories and sub-categories:

  • Dental School Type (Public Versus Private or State-Related Institution): A list of dental schools, sorted by type, is provided in the Appendix of this summary.
  • Dental School Region: A list of dental schools, sorted by region (Northeast/South/Central/West), is provided in the Appendix of this summary.
  • Faculty Employment Status (Full-Time Versus Part-Time): Faculty are considered full-time if they worked more than eight half days per week and more than nine months per year. Conversely, faculty are categorized as part-time if they worked less than eight half days per week and nine months or less per year.
  • Primary Appointment (Including Administrative Title or Academic Rank): This measure captures the primary area in which a faculty member works (Administration, Allied Dental Education, Basic Science, Behavioral Science, Clinical Science, or Research).

    Because a faculty member can hold more than one position at a school, ADEA adapted the following categorization guidelines to ensure consistency in reporting and no double counting of faculty within a given table:
  • Faculty with an administrative title are included solely in Administrative categories, regardless of their primary appointments or academic ranks.
  • Within the Academic Rank categories, faculty with Department Chair positions are categorized exclusively as such and not with any other rank (e.g., Professor or Associate Professor).
  • Primary Disciplines: To provide the reader with a deeper understanding of faculty salaries in specific fields of dental education, we organized some of the tables according to primary disciplines, which include Dental Public Health, Endodontics, Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Pediatric Dentistry, Periodontics, Prosthodontics, General Practice Residency/Advanced Education in General Dentistry, and General/Operative/Restorative Dentistry.

Median salary data are reported within each category, unless no salary data (---) or too few cases (three or less) of salary data to preserve confidentiality (***) are available. The median figures provide the reader with the mid-point among all salaries within a given category. Using median salary data is also preferable to using mean salary data, because the latter are often susceptible to influence by outlier salaries.

The Executive Summary and Tables also illustrate the number of faculty with valid salary data available within each category (#). Using this "valid n" figure is a departure from past years' reports, in which (#) equated the total number of faculty within each category, regardless of whether or not their reported salaries were included in the analysis. We believe that using the"valid n" figures will give the reader a more accurate understanding of how many salaries are represented within each category of analysis.

Confidentiality of Data

Throughout the Executive Summary and Tables, three asterisks (***) are used wherever the amount of data is insufficient-i.e., three or fewer valid salary figures-to preserve confidentiality. Three hyphens (---) are used where no salary information exists.

While the ADEA database of dental educators is used to generate faculty rosters by individual school for the collection of salary data, the information is maintained in a separate database, without faculty names.

These two databases are not part of the shared components of ADEA's computer network. Access to these data is limited to authorized ADEA staff who analyze the data and prepare specific summaries or reports.

Individual and confidential data are maintained only in an electronic format. They are not maintained or accessible in a print format. Only aggregated data that maintain confidentiality are part of ADEA summaries, reports, and documents.

Description of Executive Summary and Tables

Tables throughout the Executive Summary and Tables present full- and part-time salary information(as provided by schools) from a number of perspectives, including by school type, by region, by primary appointment, by primary discipline, and by salary per half-day.

Salary per half-day was calculated by dividing each faculty's guaranteed annual salary by the total number of half-days worked per week, as reported by the dental school. Reporting annual salary as annual salary per half-day can create a more accurate base for presenting and comparing guaranteed faculty salaries.

Selected Findings

The following findings are based on analysis of median salary data for the largest primary-appointment categories for full-time faculty: Administration: 1,203; Clinical Science: 2,248; Research:450; and Basic Science: 250.

Guaranteed Annual Salary of Full-Time Dental School Faculty (see Table 2)

Variations in faculty salary are related to academic rank (such as Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, etc.) and primary appointment (such as Clinical Science, Basic Science, Research,etc.). Not surprisingly, the higher the rank, the higher the salary.
Each academic rank's uniqueness lies in median salary variations across primary-appointment categories. Median salaries for Department Chairs ranged from $183,394 for those in Research to$145,092 for those in Clinical Science.

A similar pattern exists among Professors, although the range is significantly smaller: The highest median salary-$135,600-is in Research, and the lowest median-$128,158-is in Clinical Science.

At the Associate Professor level, those in Clinical Science have the highest median salary, at $101,717, and those in Basic Science have the lowest, at $91,338. A similar range of about $10,000 from highest to lowest median is present among Assistant Professors,with Clinical Science having a median of $86,627, and Research having a median of $75,000.

Faculty salaries in the largest primary-appointment categories experienced modest changes from 2007-08 to 2008-09. Most of the median salaries for Assistant Professors, Associate Professors, Professors, and Department Chairs showed modest change-less than 6%-from 2007-08 to 2008-09. However, Professors in Research experienced an 11% increase in median salary.

Similarly, there was little change from 2007-08 to 2008-09 in the median salaries of the various administrative titles. The exception was the position of Division Director, which saw their median salary increase 14%, from $126,480 to $138,418.

Regional Comparisons of Average Guaranteed Annual Salaries (See Table 4)

For faculty serving as Associate Dean or Clinic Director, the survey data suggest that higher salaries are earned in the Northeast (Associate Dean, median salary of $173,890, and Clinic Director, median salary of $128,455). Among Division Directors, the highest salaries are in the West with a median of $164,745.

Among Clinical Science faculty, the range in median salaries across regions varied most for Department Chairs. The highest median salary for a Clinical Science Department Chair was found in the Northeast, at $180,545, which is $51,000 more than in the Central region, which had the lowest median salary. The range in median salaries was significantly smaller among Professors ($16,000), Associate Professors (nearly $9,000), and Assistant Professors (nearly $8,000).

Among Research faculty, the range in median salaries across regions varied most for Professors. The highest median salary for Research Professors was $158,112 in the Northeast, $32,000 more than the lowest median, found in the West region. The range in median salaries for Associate Professors in Research was highest in the West, with the median at $111,409, which is $23,000 more than the median in the Central region. The range in median salaries was significantly smaller among Assistant Professors (slightly more than $12,000), with the Central region having the highest median salary, $84,820.

Among regions, faculty salaries in the largest primary-appointment categories experienced an average of 6% change from 2007-08 to 2008-09 for Assistant Professors, Associate Professors, Professors, and Department Chairs. Instances where faculty median salaries increased more than 6% were evident in Basic Science and Research. In Basic Science, Associate Professors in the Northeast region experienced a 13% increase, and Assistant Professors in the West region experienced a 55% increase. In Research, Assistant Professors in the Central region experienced a 16% increase, and Assistant Professors in the West experienced a 15% increase.

For faculty in Administration, there was an average 3% change from 2007-08 to 2008"'09. Exceptions occurred in the Northeast and West regions. For example, the median salary for Deans in the Northeast region increased 18%, from $269,967 to $318,000, and the median salary for Division Directors in the West region increased  27%, from $129,792 to $164,745.

Guaranteed Annual Salary of Full-Time Dental School Faculty by Gender

Consistent with data on faculty salaries at non-dental schools,dental faculty salaries were generally higher for men than women. For example, the median salary for the Department Chair in Research was approximately $35,000 higher for men than for women, and the median salary for a Professor in Behavioral Science was approximately $10,000 higher for men than for women.

There were limited instances where median salary for women was higher than for men. Examples were found in Basic Science, where the median salary for a Department Chair was $11,000 higher for women than for men, and the median salary for a Professor was $15,000 higher for women than for men.

References

Annual Report on The Economic Status of the Profession, 2010-11, American Association of University Professors, accessed October 3, 2011. http://www.aaup.org/NR/rdonlyres/17BABE36-BA30-467D-BE2F-34C37325549A/0/zreport.pdf