Glossary of Terms
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American Dental Education Association (ADEA):
ADEA is the leading national organization for dental education and
the sponsor of the ADEA Postdoctoral Application Support Service
(ADEA PASS). Members include all U.S. and Canadian dental schools
as well as hospitals and advanced dental education programs; allied
dental education programs; dentistry-related companies; faculty;
dental residents; and dental students.
Additional Program Designation: You may apply
to additional programs after your original application has been
processed. You may do this by logging into your ADEA PASS
application and clicking on Program Designations. Do not submit
a second application. ADEA PASS processes Additional Program
Designations as soon as they are complete (including all Required
Documents). The fee for Additional Program Designations is $70 for
each additional program.
Advanced Education in General Dentistry (AEGD):
One- or two-year advanced education programs offered throughout the
United States that focus on comprehensive general dentistry.
Anesthesiology (ANES): A field of study dealing
with the administration of anesthesia and sedation.
Application: The electronic ADEA PASS
application form and required paper documents submitted by an
applicant, that include and ETS PPI®, Professional Evaluations
(optional), an Institution Evaluation (required), and a dental
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Country Code: An official code used to report
an individual's national origin.
Current Address: The address where an applicant
currently resides and where (s)he is currently receiving mail.
Important if applicant is at school, on an internship, or for any
reason away from her/his permanent home for an extended period of
Custom Application: An application in which
different essays and Professional Evaluations can be assigned to
individual program(s) designated by the applicant. A Custom
Application includes at least one essay, an ETS PPI® Report, one
Institution Evaluation Form, and a dental school transcript. An
additional $35 fee is charged for each essay.
Custom Essay(s): Part of a custom application,
the custom essay allows the applicant to submit different essays to
specific programs or different program types. Additional essays
after the first essay submiited with an application cost $35 each
for processing and distribution to assigned programs.
Customer Service: Customer Service
Representatives are available 9:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. Eastern time to
answer questions and assist ADEA PASS applicants. Phone
617-612-2065 or email firstname.lastname@example.org .
Curriculum Vitae (CV) or Resume: A summary of
an individual's accomplishments, personal goals, employment
history, and professional achievements.
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Dental Class Ranking: Provided by the dental
school on the Institution Evaluation Form. This statistic
represents the applicant's class standing relative to the
applicant's entire class.
Dental Program: The Postdoctoral Dental
Education Program is a program that participates in ADEA PASS,
indicated as "PGM" with a number that follows (e.g., PGM#999).
Dental School Transcript: A document, supplied
by the dental school attended by the applicant, that lists all
courses an applicant completed to receive a dental degree with
corresponding grades, grade point average, and possible courses in
progress. Please note: Non-U.S. dental school transcripts must be
submitted in English or evaluated to be processed.
DENTPIN®: The DENTPIN®
Identifier Number) is a unique
personal identifier assigned by the American Dental Association to
each applicant or student who is involved, or wishes to become
involved, with the U.S. dental education system and/or standardized
testing programs. The DAT, ADEA AADSAS and Texas application
systems, ADEA PASS, Dental Match, ADEA CAAPID, the National Board
Dental Examination and the National Board Dental Hygiene
Examination programs all use the DENTPIN® for identification of
students and test-takers and for the confidential, secure
reporting, transmission, and tracking of test scores and academic
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ECE ( Educational
Credential Evaluators, Inc. ): A nonprofit organization that
evaluates the U.S. equivalence of foreign education
eForms: The electronic method of completing and
submitting either the Professional or Institution Evaluation Form,
accessed through a link sent by email to the evaluator.
Endodontics (ENDO): The branch of dentistry
that is concerned with the morphology, physiology, and pathology of
the human dental pulp and periradicular tissues. Its study and
practice encompass the basic and clinical sciences including
biology of the normal pulp; the etiology, diagnosis, prevention and
treatment of diseases and injuries of the pulp; and associated
Essay: The part of the ADEA PASS application in
which an applicant details why (s)he is pursuing postdoctoral
education. The ADEA PASS essay may not exceed 5,200 characters in
ETS Personal Potential Index® (PPI) for ADEA
(required): A form of evaluation used by faculty and other
evaluators to rate ADEA PASS applicants on six non-cognitive
dimensions found to be predictive of success in graduate-level
Evaluated Transcript: A report provided to
identify the United States equivalent of educational qualifications
earned in other countries.
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General Practice Residency (GPR): General
dentistry advanced education programs that tend to focus on
hospital dental care, including OR, ER, anesthesia, and in-patient
and same-day surgery. GPRs vary in length from one to two
Geriatric Dentistry (GD): This is the delivery
of dental care to older adults involving the diagnosis, prevention,
and treatment of problems associated with normal aging and
age-related diseases as part of an interdisciplinary team with
other health care professionals.
Graduate Record Examinations (GRE): This test
measures analytical writing, verbal, and quantitative skills. The
GRE is required for admission to some residency and advanced degree
(master's, Ph.D.) programs. Information about the GRE can be
obtained at www.gre.org .
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Implantology (IMPD): This is a set of surgical techniques
aiming at the functional rehabilitation of a patient affected by
total or partial edentulism, by
implants, i.e. metal elements surgically inserted in the mandibular or maxillary
bone, or above them but under the gum. These elements are
fitted with connectors to fasten them to fixed or removable prostheses, to
enable chewing functionality. Such implants can have different
shapes, they can be inserted in different positions, with different
techniques, then connected to prostheses at different times.
Institution Evaluation Form: This form is used
by the dental school dean or designee to provide information about
class rank, grade point average, National Board Dental Examination
Scores, and an evaluation of the applicant's suitability for
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National Board Dental Examination: A set of
standardized tests administered to dental students nationally. Part
I of NBDE is generally taken midway through dental school, and the
score is (if available) reported by your dean on the Institution
Evaluation. You do not need to submit your official score report
with your ADEA PASS application.
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Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology (OMP): The
specialty that deals with the nature, identification, and
management of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial area.
It is a science that investigates the causes, processes and effects
of these diseases. The practice of oral pathology includes research
and diagnosis of diseases using clinical, radiographic,
microscopic, biochemical or other examinations.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS): The
specialty of dentistry that includes the diagnosis and surgical and
adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects involving
both the functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft
tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.
Oral Epidermiology (OE): The scientific study
of distribution and determinants of oral health and disease in
human populations. It seeks to answer three broad questions:
1. Which population groups experience oral disease and related
2. What factors contribute to the onset of oral disease?
3. What can be done to improve the oral health of
Oral Radiology(OMS): A medical specialty which
focuses on the creation and interpretation of diagnostic images of
the mouth and surrounding area.
Operative Dentistry (OPERA): The art and
science of the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of defects of
teeth which do not require full coverage restorations for
correction. Such treatment should result in the restoration of
proper form, function, and esthetics while maintaining the
physiological integrity of the teeth in harmonious relationship
with the adjacent hard and soft tissues. These procedures combined
to enhance the general health and welfare of the patient.
Orthodontics (ORTHO): The area of dentistry
concerned with the supervision, guidance, and correction of the
growing or mature dentofacial structures, including those
conditions that require movement of teeth or correction of
malrelationships and malformations of their related structures and
the adjustment of relationships between and among teeth and facial
bones by the application of forces and/or the stimulation and
redirection of functional forces within the craniofacial
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ADEA Postdoctoral Application Support Service (ADEA
PASS): ADEA PASS offers prospective dental residents a
convenient, centralized application service to apply to one or more
of the 600 postdoctoral dental education programs that participate
in the application service. ADEA PASS is an electronic application
service that simplifies the application process by providing one
standardized format, thereby relieving applicants of the need to
complete multiple applications. The advanced dental education
programs benefit by receiving uniform information on all
applicants. ADEA PASS serves only as an information clearinghouse
and does not influence the postdoctoral dental education programs'
appraisal or selection of applicants. Each advanced dental
education program has the right to request supplemental information
ADEA PASS Identification Number (PASS ID): A
unique 11-digit number that serves as an identification number for
each ADEA PASS applicant. If you have registered for the Dental
Match, the last five digits of your ADEA PASS Identification Number
will be your Dental Match Code.
Password: A code, chosen by the user, used to
access the ADEA PASS application account.
Pediatric Dentistry (PEDDENT): The practice and
teaching of comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health
care for children from birth through adolescence, including care
for special patients beyond the age of adolescence who demonstrate
mental, physical, and/or emotional problems.
Periodontics (PERIO): The specialty of
dentistry that encompasses the prevention, diagnosis and treatment
of diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth
or their substitutes and the maintenance of the health, function,
and esthetics of these structures and tissues.
Permanent Address: Address information to which
an individual can designate mail to be forwarded if he/she has no
current mailing address. Sometimes individuals can use a permanent
address as an alternate address. For example, an individual may use
a parent's or relative's address as a permanent address.
Postdoctoral Dental Match Program:
A service independent of ADEA PASS that is used to match
applicants with available first-year positions in postdoctoral
programs that participate in the Dental Match. Not all programs
that participate in ADEA PASS participate in the Match, and not all
programs that participate in the Dental Match utilize ADEA PASS.
Check the programs to which you are applying to determine if you
will also need to register for the Dental Match. To register for
the Dental Match, create or log in to your existing ADEA PASS
account and select Dental Match registration from the available
services menu when you are ready to submit your account information
for payment and processing.
Postdoctoral Dental Match Code:
The five-digit number issu ed once an applicant has registered for
the Dental Match. Your Dental Match code number will be the last
five digits of your ADEA PASS account number, even if you do not
need to complete an ADEA PASS application in full. You may elect to
register for the Dental Match before, at the same time as, or after
completing an ADEA PASS application simply by creating or logging
in to your existing ADEA PASS account. Your Dental Match code will
automatically appear in your ADEA PASS application when it is
transmitted to the postdoctoral advanced dental education programs
to which you are applying.
Professional Evaluation Form (optional): The
form used by an evaluator to describe and appraise an applicant's
substantial research project, clinical assignment, or other major
endeavor. Optional Professional Evaluations may be completed by the
evaluator through eForms, or by printing and providing the
evaluator with the paper form. Applicants should determine whether
the programs they are applying to recommend or require one or two
Professional Evaluations in addition to the required ETS PPI®
Program Deadline: The final date by which the
program must receive the ADEA PASS application and all additional
materials for you to be considered for a first-year residency
Program Type: A general or specialty discipline
pursued beyond the dental degree; includes the ADA-recognized
specialties, plus additional areas of study such as anesthesiology,
restorative dentistry, etc.
Processing (time): ADEA PASS will process
applications after verifying that all required documents are
received and completed properly. All required documents, fee
payment, and the submitted ADEA PASS application must be received
by ADEA PASS to initiate processing. If documents are missing or
incomplete, the application process will be halted and you will be
contacted through your application.
Prosthodontics (PROS): The branch of dentistry
pertaining to the restoration and maintenance of oral functions,
comfort, appearance, and health of the patient by the restoration
of natural teeth and/or the replacement of missing teeth and
contiguous oral and maxillofacial tissues with artificial
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Request for Exception: The Request for
Exception is submitted with the ADEA PASS application only if you
need to explain why you cannot submit an Institution Evaluation
Form and/or a dental school transcript. (See ADEA PASS Domestic
Instructions or ADEA PASS International Instructions for
Required Documents: The set of documents
required to complete your ADEA PASS application, thus initiating
and beginning processing, in addition to submitting the electronic
application itself. These include an Institution Evaluation Form,
and ETS PPI® Report, and a dental school transcript.
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Standard Application: The standard ADEA PASS
application in which the same set of documents is submitted to all
programs designated by the applicant. A Standard Application
includes one Applicant Essay, an Institution Evaluation Form, and
ETS PPI Report, and a dental school transcript.
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TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language):
A test that measures the ability of nonnative speakers of English
to use and understand North American English as it is used in
college and university settings. Information about theTOEFL is
available at www.ets.org/TOEFL .
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Username: A unique short name chosen by the
user to access her or his ADEA PASS application account.
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Visa Classification: An official code,
comprising letters and numbers, assigned to non-U.S. citizens
legally residing within the United States.
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Waiver Statement: A legal statement, necessary
for any submitted Professional Evaluation (optional), in which an
applicant indicates whether (s)he wants the ability to access an
evaluation through the program where enrolled (not through ADEA
Waived rights: The applicant does not have the
right to read the completed evaluation when enrolled as a dental
resident. Non-waived rights: The applicant has the right to read
the completed evaluation when enrolled as a dental resident.
WES ( World
Education Services ): An international credential evaluation
services that provides accurate academic reporting for individuals
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