CT Best Practices in the Health Professions and
Allegreti CL, Frederick JN. A model for thinking critically
about ethical issues. Teaching of Psych 1995; 22:
Banning M. Measures that can be used to instill critical
thinking in nurse prescribers. Nurse Educ in Practice
2006; 6: 98-105.
Behar-Horenstein LS. Fundamentals of teaching critical thinking
skills. Illinois Schools J 2003; 83: 10-26.
Behar-Horenstein LS, Dolan TA, Courts FJ, Mitchell GS.
Cultivating critical thinking in the clinical learning environment.
J Dent Educ 2000: 64: 610-615.
Behar-Horenstein LS, Mitchell GS, Dolan T. A case study
examining instructional practices at a U.S. dental school. J
Dent Educ 2005; 69: 639-48.
Behar-Horenstein LS, Mitchell GS, Graff R. Faculty perceptions
of a professional development seminar. J Dent Educ 2008;
Blumberg P. Evaluating the evidence that problem-based learners
are self-directed learners: A review of the literature.
In: A Research Perspective on Learning
Interactions; Problem-Based Learning. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence
Erlbaum Associates; 2000: 199-226.
Boyd LD. Reflections on clinical practice by first-year dental
students: A qualitative study. J Dent Educ 2002; 66:
Brock A, Butts JB. On target: A model to teach baccalaureate
nursing students to apply critical thinking. Nursing Forum
1998; 33: 5-10.
Burbach ME, Matkin GS, Fritz SM. Teaching critical thinking in
an introductory leadership course utilizing active learning
strategies: a confirmatory study. College Student J 2004;
Brookfield S. Developing critical thinkers: Challenging
adults to explore alternative ways of thinking and acting. San
Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 1987.
Brown A. Transforming schools into communities of thinking and
learning about serious matters. American Psychologist
1997; 52: 399-413.
Castle, A. Assessment of the critical thinking skills of student
radiographers. Radiography 2006; 12: 88-95.
Collins K, Onwuegbuzie A. Relationship between critical
thinking and performance in research methodology courses.
Mid-South Educational Research Association: Bowling Green, KY;
Daley BJ, Shaw CR, Balistrieri T, Glasenapp K, Piacentine L.
Concept maps: A strategy to teach and evaluate critical thinking.
J of Nursing Educ 1999; 38: 42-47.
Davies, WM. An infusion approach to critical thinking: Moore on
the critical thinking debate. Higher Education Research &
Development 2006; 25: 179-193.
Dexter P, Applegate M, Backer J, Clayton K, Keffer J, Norton B,
Ross B. A proposed framework for teaching and evaluating critical
thinking in nursing. J of Prof Nursing 1997; 13:
Distler JW. Critical thinking and clinical competence: Results
of the implementation of student-centered teaching strategies in an
advanced practice new curriculum. Nurse Educ in Practice
2007; 7: 53-9.
Edwards SL. Critical thinking and analysis: A model for written
assignments. J of Nursing 1998; 7: 159-166.
Ennis RJ. Critical thinking and subject specificity. Educ
Researcher 1989; 18: 4-10.
Facione NC. Critical thinking as a reasoned judgment. The
Album. Millbrae, CA: Insight Assessment and The California
Academic Press; 2002.
Facione NC, Facione PA. Assessment design issues for evaluating
critical thinking in nursing. Holistic Nurse Practitioner
1996; 10: 41-53.
Facione NC, Facione PA. Critical Thinking Assessment in
Nursing Education Programs: An Aggregate Data Analysis.
Millbrae, CA: The California Academic Press; 1997.
Facione NC, Facione PA. The Health Sciences Reasoning Test
(HSRT) Test Manual. Millbrae, CA: Insight Assessment;
Facione PA. Critical thinking: A statement of expert
consensus for purposes of educational assessment and
Facione PA, Blohm SW, Facione NC, Giancarlo CAF. PJRF
Professional judgment rating form novice/internship level critical
thinking abilities and habits of mind rater's manual.
Millbrae, CA: The California Academic Press; 2006.
Facione PA, Facione NC. Critical Thinking and Clinical
Reasoning in the Health Sciences: An International
Multidisciplinary Teaching Anthology Score Rubric. Millbrae,
CA: The California Academic Press; 2008.
Facione PA, Facione NC. Holistic Critical Thinking Score
Rubric. Millbrae, CA: The California Academic Press; 1994.
Accessed July 7, 2008, at www.insightassessment.com/hctsr.html.
Facione PA, Facione NC, Giancarlo CA. The California
Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory Test Manual. Millbrae,
CA: The California Academic Press, 1996.
Facione PA, Facione NC, Giancarlo CA. The disposition toward
critical thinking: Its character, measurement, and relationship to
critical thinking skill. Informal Logic 2000; 20:
Flannelly L, Inouye J. Inquiry-based learning and critical
thinking in an advanced practice psychiatric nursing practice
Archives of Psychiatric Nursing 1998; 12: 169-75.
Halpern D. Assessing the effectiveness of critical thinking
instruction. J of Gen Educ 2001; 50: 270-86.
Halpern DF. Teaching critical thinking for transfer across
domains. Am Psychologist 1998; 53: 449-455.
Hansten RJ, Washburn M. Facilitating critical thinking. J of
Nurses in Staff Development 2000; 16: 23-30.
Hendricson WD, Andrieu SC, Chadwick G, Chmar JE, Cole JR, et al.
Educational strategies associated with development of
problem-solving, critical thinking, and self-directed learning.
J Dent Educ 2006; 70: 925-36.
Heron G. Critical thinking in social care and social work:
Searching student assignments for the evidence. Social Work
Educ 2006; 25: 209-224.
Kowalski SD, Louis L. Using computer technology to teach
critical thinking. Nurse Educator 2000: 25: 210-212.
Kuhn D. A developmental model of critical thinking. Educ
Researcher 1999; 28: 16-26.
Kumta SM, Tsang PL, Hung LK, Cheng JCY. Fostering critical
thinking skills through a web-based tutorial programme for final
year medical students: A randomized controlled study. J of
Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia 2003; 12: 267-274.
Lee JE, Ryan-Wenger N. The 'think aloud' seminar for teaching
clinical reasoning: A case study of a child with pharyngitis. J
of Ped Health Care 1997; 11: 101-10.
Lipman M. Critical thinking: What can it be? Educ
Leadership 1988: 38-43.
Lipman M. Promoting better classroom teaching. Educ
Psych 1993; 13: 291-304.
Lord TR. Comparisons between traditional and constructivist
teaching in college biology. Innovative Higher Education
1997; 21: 197-216.
Moore TS. Implementation of problem-based learning in a
baccalaureate dental hygiene program. J Dent Educ 2007;
Myrick F. Preceptorship and critical thinking in nursing
education. J of Nursing Educ 2002; 41: 154-164.
Nay MA. A process approach to teaching science. Science
Educ 1971; 55: 197-207.
Onwuegbuzie AJ. Critical thinking: A comparison of doctoral and
master' s level students. College Student Journal 2001;
Pape SJ, Smith C. Becoming a self-regulated learner. Theory
into Practice 2002; 41: 93-101.
Paul RW. Critical thinking: What every person needs to
survive in a rapidly changing world. Santa Rosa, CA:
Foundation for Critical Thinking; 1992.
Paul RW, Elder L. Critical thinking: Implications of Instruction
of the Stage Theory. J of Dev Educ 1997; 20: 340-350.
Phillips V, Bond C. Undergraduates' experience of critical
thinking. Higher Education Research & Development
2004; 23: 277-294.
Pitkala K. Mantyranta TE, Strandberg M, Makela M, Vanhanen H,
Varonen H. Evidence based medicine: How to teach critical
scientific thinking to medical undergraduates. Med Teacher
2000; 22: 22-26.
Prentice ED, Metcalf WK, Sharp JG, Hard WL. Training teachers in
the anatomical sciences. J of Med Educ 1976; 51:
Rauen CA. Using simulation to teach critical thinking skills:
You can't just throw the book at them. Critical Care Educ
2001; 13: 93-101.
Shermer M. Why people believe weird things: Pseudoscience,
superstition, and other confusions of our time. New York: WH
Freeman and Company; 2002.
Simpson E, Courtney M. Critical thinking in nursing education:
Literature review. Intern J of Nursing Practice 2002; 8:
Solon T. Generic critical thinking infusion and course content
learning in introductory psychology. J of Instructional
Psych 2007; 34: 95-109.
Solon T. Improving critical thinking in an introductory
psychology course. Michigan Community College Journal: Research
and Practice 2007; 7: 73-80.
Solon T. Teaching critical thinking: The more, the better!
The Community College Enterprise 2003; 9: 25-38.
Sternberg RJ. Thinking styles: Keys to understanding
performance. Phi Delta Kappan 1990: 366-371.
Sternberg RJ, Torff B, Grigorenko E. Teaching triachically
improves student achievement. J of Educ Psych 1998: 90:
Tanner CA. Research on clinical judgment. In: Holzemer WL, ed.
Review of Research in Nursing Education. Thorofare, NJ:
Ten Dam G, Volman M. Critical thinking as a citizenship
competence: teaching strategies. Learning and Instruction
2004; 14: 359-379.
Thammasitboon K, Sukotjo C, Howell H, Karimbux N. Problem-based
learning at the Harvard school of dental medicine: Self-assessment
of performance in postdoctoral training. J Dent Educ 2007;
Tiwari A, Lai P, So M, Yuen K. A comparison of the effects of
problem-based learning and lecturing on the development of
students' critical thinking. Med Educ 2006; 40:
Van Gelder T. Learning to reason: A reason-able approach. In:
Davis C, Gelder TJ, and Wales R (eds.). Cognitive science in
Australia, 2000: Proceedings of the fifth Australian cognitive
science society conference. Adelaide, Australia: Causal.
Van Gelder T. Teaching critical thinking: Some lessons from
cognitive science. College Teaching; 53(1):
Weerts S. Use of films to treat critical thinking. J of
Nutrition Educ and Beh 2005; 37: 100-101.
Weis PA, Guyton-Simmons, J. A computer simulation for teaching
critical thinking skills Nurse Educator 1998; 23:
Wissmann JL. Strategies for teaching critical thinking in
pharmacology. Nurse Educator 1996; 21: 42-46.
Wong TK, Chung JWY. Diagnostic reasoning processes using patient
simulation in different learning environments. J of Clinical
Nursing 2002; 11: 65-72.
Zull JE. Key aspects of how the brain learns. New Directions
for Adult and Continuing Education 2006; 100: 3-9.
Zull JE. The art of changing the brain. Sterling, VA:
Stylus Publishing, LLC; 2002.