The Journal of Dental Education (JDE)
is pleased to call attention to the following 10 notable articles published in
2017. The list, selected by JDE
Editor Nadeem Karimbux, D.M.D., M.M.Sc., appears in order of publication. The JDE Editor recognizes that many articles deserve
recognition based on the quality and scope of the studies published. The 10
notable articles chosen here are based on quality, innovative approach,
importance of topic area and strength of study design and execution. They
represent the diversity of articles published in the JDE. The
selected articles are available for free on the JDE website until Feb. 28, 2018.
The Relationship Between Mock Boards and Clinical Board Examinations in
Dental Hygiene Education. By Victoria M. Martin,
Ellen J. Rogo, Kathleen O. Hodges, Neill F. Piland and Sharon E. Osborn Popp. J Dent Educ
U.S. dental hygiene programs rely on clinical
mock board exams to prepare their students for licensure exams, but this study
was the first to assess the relationship between the elements of mock boards
and actual board exam results for multiple programs. Based on a sample of 13
programs in four states, the study identified mock board characteristics that
corresponded to students’ board exam success to help educators prepare students
for these high-stakes exams.
Faculty Development for Metro New York City Postdoctoral Dental Program
Directors: Delphi Assessment and Program Response. By Marcie S. Rubin, Mari Millery and Burton L.
Edelstein. J Dent Educ 2017;81(3):262-270.
article addresses the important topic of faculty development with an innovative
methodological approach that tailored training programs to the expressed needs
of targeted participants. Using a Delphi consensus technique to gather data
from general, pediatric and public health dentistry residency program
directors, the authors identified priority topics and training needs to then develop
and implement six Faculty Forums.
Dental Students’ Attitudes Toward Tobacco
Cessation in the Dental Setting: A Systematic Review. By Shannon Myers Virtue, Elizabeth
M. Waldron, Katie Darabos, Courtney DeAngelis, David A. Moore, Maria Fornatora
and Marisol Tellez. J Dent Educ 2017;81(5):500-516.
This well-done systematic
review on an important topic makes effective use of findings from 38 articles
to show that dental students want to learn how to counsel their patients on
tobacco cessation. The results also provide useful guidance to dental schools
for developing tobacco cessation education.
Should Dental Schools Train Dentists to Routinely Provide Limited
Preventive Primary Medical Care? Two Viewpoints. By Donald B. Giddon, R. Bruce
Donoff, Paul C. Edwards and Lawrence I. Goldblatt. J Dent Educ
point-counterpoint article offers helpful considerations for educators
considering the timely question of whether dental students should be educated
to provide preventive primary medical care to their patients. The authors
present pro and con arguments, offering valuable insights into the complexity
of this issue.
Dental Education: A Comparison of Theory, Intention, and Stakeholder
Perceptions at a North American Dental School. By Lucinda Lyon, Lisa E. Itaya, Terry Hoover, Mark T. Booth
and Nader Nadershahi. J Dent Educ
A humanistic culture became an expectation for all
U.S. dental schools with its addition to the 2013 Commission on Dental
Accreditation standards. This mixed-methods study at the University of the
Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry, a leader in humanistic education
since the mid-1970s, found its participants confirmed the school’s commitment
to humanistic values but also identified concrete ways to manifest and assess
Color-Blind Racial Beliefs Among Dental Students and Faculty. By Yu
Su and Linda S. Behar-Horenstein. J Dent Educ 2017;81(9):1098-1107.
Attitudes that “everyone is the same” and color-blind racial beliefs—the denial, distortion
or minimization of racism and racial privilege—further the harmful effects of
racial prejudice. This
study brought this burgeoning area of educational and psychological research to
dental education. Its assessment of racial beliefs at a U.S. dental school
found differences between faculty and students and among racial groups that can
help educators design programs for overcoming biases and providing culturally
The Impact of Research on the Future of Dental Education:
How Research and Innovation Shape Dental Education and the Dental Profession. By Harold C. Slavkin. J Dent Educ 2017;81(9 Suppl):eS108-eS127.
This article provides a lengthy and thorough
explanation of the important role research has played and should continue to
play in the establishment and growth of dentistry as a learned profession.
Everyone with an interest in the dental profession should read this article.
Beautiful Teeth Down There”: Racial/Ethnic Minority Older Adults’ Perspectives
on Care at Dental School Clinics. By Mary E. Northridge, Andrew B. Schenkel, Shirley Birenz, Ivette
Estrada, Sara S. Metcalf and Mark S. Wolff. J
Dent Educ 2017;81(11):1273-1282.
This study made impressive use of focus groups to
determine the opinions of an important segment of the patient base at dental
school clinics: racial/ethnic minority older adults. Findings from a large
number of participants (n=194) validated features of care that help satisfy
these patients, as well as pointing to improvements needed at the institutional
and provider levels.
Observed Altruism in Dental Students: An Experiment Using the Ultimatum
Parker A.S. Crutchfield, Justin S. Jarvis, Terry L. Olson and Matthew S.
Wilson. J Dent Educ 2017;81(11):1301-1308.
This creative use of research methods from
outside dental education sheds light on a common question: does dental
students’ altruism decrease over their education? The study used a computer
game that asked dental students in all four years to choose how much of their
limited resources to give to recipients based on factors such as socioeconomic
status. In the results, students showed higher levels of altruism than the
general population, and their altruism was highest in the fourth year. The
latter finding—contrary to previous studies—suggests that the often-found
decline in altruism may be due not to student characteristics but to factors in
the educational environment.
An Interprofessional Education and Collaborative
Practice Model for Dentistry and Pharmacy. By
Grishondra L. Branch-Mays, Amy L. Pittenger, Kristyn Williamson, Anna Milone,
Emily Hein and Todd Thierer. J Dent Educ 2017;81(12):1413-1420.
innovative collaboration, pharmacy faculty and students joined dental students
in the dental school clinic to evaluate 190 patients’ medication therapy
management while they received a comprehensive dental exam. Not only did the
patients benefit, but participants in both professions experienced the value of
this powerful example of interprofessional care.
About JDE: The Journal of
Dental Education (JDE)
is a peer-reviewed monthly journal that publishes a wide variety of educational
and scientific research in dental, allied dental and advanced dental education.
Published continuously since 1936 and internationally recognized as the premier
journal for academic dentistry, the JDE
publishes articles on topics such as curriculum reform, education research
methods, innovative educational and assessment methodologies, faculty
development, community-based dental education, student recruitment and
admissions, professional and educational ethics, dental education around the
world and systematic reviews of educational interest. The online version of the
JDE is freely
accessible to all ADEA members by subscribing online at jdentaled.org.
Nadeem Karimbux, D.M.D.,
M.M.Sc., is Editor of the Journal of Dental Education and Associate Dean for
Academic Affairs at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine.
American Dental Education Association (ADEA) is The Voice of Dental Education.
Our mission is to lead institutions and individuals in the dental education
community to address contemporary issues influencing education, research and
the delivery of oral health care for the overall health and safety of the
public. Our members include all 76 U.S. and Canadian dental schools, more than
1,000 allied and advanced dental education programs, 66 corporations and more
than 20,000 individuals. Our activities encompass a wide range of research,
advocacy, faculty development, meetings and communications, including the
esteemed Journal of Dental Education®, as well as the dental
school application services ADEA AADSAS®, ADEA PASS®,
ADEA DHCAS® and ADEA CAAPID®. For more information, visit
Published on January 10, 2018